## Introduction

In this article, we are going to see window function in SQL and its equivalent Power BI DAX function.If you want to check out SQL basic, check it out in part 1.

### Specifications

- Data – Loan transaction data
- Environment – Postgres and Power BI

## What is window function?

A window function performs an aggregate calculation across a set of table rows and returns single or multiple rows based on the function used with it.

## Window function classification

Window function comprises many different functions and it is grouped into 3 different categories.

### Value

#### First_value

The first_value() function is a window function that returns the first value in a group or within the group.

#### Last_value

The last_value() function is also a window function that returns the last value in a group or within the group.

Both the functions are implemented in Power BI by using SUMX, FIRSTNONBLANK, LASTNONBLANK.

Example;

For each loan, the first and last transaction made is find by using these two functions. Its equivalent Power BI function also is given below.

#### Lead

Lead is a window function that is used to fetch the next row value in the current row value itself.

#### Lag

Lag is also a window function that is used to retrieve the previous row value in the current row value itself.

In Power BI, it is not easy to obtain lead and lag value for any record.

But lag function can be obtained by the PREVIOUS function in Power BI where the date should be involved.click here to know more

Even lead function can be obtained by creating the index and adding 1 to index to obtain the value. click here to know more

### Ranking

#### Rank

The Rank() function is a window function that assigns rank within the group or multiple groups. If two or more rows have the same rank it will skip the next rank.

#### Dense rank

The Dense_rank() function is also a window function similar to rank() function but it will not skip rank when two or more rows have the same ranks.

Both the rank functions can be implemented in Power BI DAX by using the RANKX() function with the parameter passed.

#### Row number

Rownum function is used to create the row number in different ways like within a group or multiple groups.

The row number generated by using the CALCULATE function in Power BI.

Example:

In here, I explain the row number created within loan number ordering on the transaction-id

#### Percentile rank

Percentile_rank() is a window function that returns the percentage of scores in its frequency distribution that is equal or lower than that.

It is calculated in Power BI by using the CALCULATE, RANKX, and DIVIDE functions.

Example:

Percentile rank within loan id based on the transaction.

#### Cumulative sum

Cumulative sum refers to running sum and it is implemented in SQL by using sum with a window function and in Power BI implemented by using CALCULATE and SUM function.

Example:

Running sum of transaction amount within the loan id.

### Aggregate

Windows function acts on the aggregate functions and returns the output by row-level known as window aggregate function. The same can be obtained in Power BI by using the formatting option available at the field level.

Example:

Here I explain the aggregate function on the transaction records by the customer level.

Some of the aggregate functions are:

**SUM **

Return the sum of the transaction amount.

**AVG**

Return the average value of the transaction amount

**MIN**

Return the minimum of the transaction amount.

**MAX **

Return the maximum of the transaction amount.

**COUNT**

Return count of records of the transaction.

Windows aggregate function will be faster than normal group by function in SQL. So these are the some of the window function equivalent in Power BI.